What do the two pressure readings mean?
These are systolic (upper) and diastolic (lower) pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure in the blood vessels when the heart muscle contracts, or contracts. Diastolic pressure is the pressure in the vessels when the heart is at rest between two beats. Both of these pressures are measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
What is hypertension and can it be managed?
Hypertension - or high blood pressure - is a serious pathological condition that significantly increases the risk of developing diseases of the cardiovascular system, brain, kidneys and other diseases. Hypertension can be managed by making lifestyle changes, avoiding stress, and taking medication under medical supervision. To prevent or control hypertension: don't smoke, exercise regularly, reduce your salt and fat intake, get regular health checks, maintain a healthy weight.
How do measure blood pressure correctly?
To get the most accurate blood pressure measurements:
- Sit comfortably; put your feet on the floor; do not cross your legs;
- Lean on a chair, your hand rests freely on the table;
- The middle of the cuff at the level of the heart;
- Remain calm and quiet during the measurement;
- Relax as much as possible and do not talk during the measurement;
- Take your blood pressure every day at about the same time;
- Do not take measurements immediately after a bath or exercise. Rest for about twenty minutes or half an hour before taking a measurement;
The following factors may affect the readings: conversation, nervousness, restless mood, leaning forward, movement, abrupt change in room temperature during measurement, measurement in moving vehicles, long-term continuous measurement; If measurements were taken: within an hour after lunch; after drinking wine, coffee, alcohol; after sports activities, baths;
How many times in a row can measurements be taken on the same arm?
Do not measure the same person more than 3 times without a break! Between each two measurements there must be a break of at least 5 minutes to rest - otherwise this may cause the appearance of hemorrhage. Do not measure your blood pressure more than 6 times a day.